Sunday, May 24, 2020

A Reading Of Micheaux s Within Our Gates - 1418 Words

Ryan Baxter Ben Strassfeld Professor Daniel Herbert Screen Arts Cultures 352 14 October 2015 A Reading of Micheaux’s Within Our Gates (1920) In 1920, pioneering African American film director Oscar Micheaux released his second picture, Within Out Gates. The film is a silent drama that revolves around a young professional woman, Sylvia Landry, her quest to fund an opening rural school for black children, and her past experience of violent racism in the South. It is a work largely concerned with African Americans as being at a sort of impasse in history and, furthermore, with the positing of a strong ideal of upward social mobility for black citizens going into the post-war era. In the film’s beginning, Micheaux introduces a†¦show more content†¦Further into the film, it becomes apparent that they are actually posited as two narratives of African American status in the United States. In the North, Micheaux portrays an African American professional middle class; in the South, he portrays African Americans as largely impoverished, uneducated, and subject to unfair systems of tenancy. In the North, there is a sense of opportunity; in the South, there is one of inferiority and constant struggle. Sylvia, who travels between these two worlds, can be seen as somewhat symbolic of her race at this point in history, or at least Micheaux’s ideal for advancement. She is educated, a professional, and individually capable; her main concern is with â€Å"the eternal struggle of her race and how she could uplift it.† Yet she is, at the same time, haunted by a past of subjugation and violence. In a jarring sequence toward the film’s end, it is revealed through flashback that her adoptive parents were lynched for the murder of their landlord, Gridlestone, a crime actually committed by a white tenant, and intercut with the depiction of this killing is an scene in which the victim’s brother, another white aristocrat, attempts to rape Sylvia in retribution. During this attack, the man realizes that Sylvia is his daughter from a past relationship with a black woman, w hich commentators, J. Ronald Green for one, speculate to be implied as similarly violent or coercive in nature. (Green, 40).

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Arlington National Cemetery By George Washington

I:HISTORY OF ARLINGTON: George Washington’s relation to the Arlington National Cemetery is that his step-grandson, (George Washington Parke Custis), once owned the land. George is related to Mr. Custis by his wife, Martha Washington. Martha had a different affair with George Washington Parke Custis’s grandfather, Daniel Parke Custis, who died July 8, 1757 of most likely a heart attack. Martha Dandridge relates to the Arlington National Cemetery because she is the grandmother of George Washington Parke Custis who owned the Arlington National Cemetery. Dandridge is Martha’s father’s last name. She gained the last names of Daniel Parke Custis and George Washington after she be-wed them. George Washington Parke Custis once was the owner of the†¦show more content†¦His revenge was to embarrass Robert for joining the Confederacy. Meig ruined the property and home, making the area unoccupiable by using the area as burial grounds because of the over stocked cemeteries and high level grounds which made it flood free. We have the Arlington National Cemetery today because of this debut. Civil War burials were in various places; prison, camps, hospitals, the front line, etc. Most deaths were honored depending on the symbolic meaning their body were represented as. Burials were based on religious matters as well as the rank and communal duties, but most important was the personal respect in the in the face of death. In 1874 Custis Lee sued the government to regain the estate of Arlington House, Congress returned it to him in 1883. Only to be sold back to the government for 150,000 dollars. II:TOMB OF THE UNKNOWNS(20TH) CENTURY: At the end of World War 1 four unknowns were exhumed from four World War 1 cemeteries in France, only one was chosen as the â€Å"Unknown Soldier.† The chosen unknown soldier was shipped to the United States aboard the USS Olympia, those remaining soldiers were interred in the Meuse Argonne Cemetery, France. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was placed at the Arlington National Cemetery because it was the honorary cemetery where people that had served in the United States forces were likely buried. The Tomb is supposed to show respect and honor, especially because we couldn’t identify him asShow MoreRelatedThe Arlington National Cemetery By George Washington1915 Words   |  8 Pagesshows that soldiers will die for their friends because they believe that it is their way to serve their nation. This quote represents what Arlington National Cemetery is about acres and acres of tombs to honor are soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery is a place where we honor our nation’s fallen soldiers and presidents. Arlington came about by George Washington when he married a widow Martha Custis. Martha had four kids with her first husband, but only two survived. Their names are John Parke CustisRead MoreEssay On The Tomb Of The Unknowns1025 Words   |  5 PagesI: History of Arlington George Washington, who was the 1st president of the United States, was the step-grandfather of George Washington Parke Custis. In 1759 George Washington married Martha Dandridge. After the death of Martha’s first husband Daniel, she gained the Arlington House. The Arlington House later became ownership of General Robert E. Lee and his wife Mary Randolph Custis. Lee left the house in order to fight in the Civil War. Mary was unable to pay the taxes she needed to, so she hadRead MoreEssay about Warren G. Harding, President638 Words   |  3 PagesWarren G. Harding, President (1865-1923) Harding was born on November 2, 1865, in Corsica (now Bloomington Grove), Ohio. He was eldest of eight children. His father, George Tryon Harding, was a farmer and a doctor. His mother, Phoebe Dickerson Harding, was a gentle, pious woman who devoted herself to her children. As a boy Warren helped his fater on the farm. In the summer he worked in a sawmill that made brooms, and he drove a team of horses for the Toledo and Ohio Central Railroaad.Read More We Need a Constitutional Amendment to Protect the American Flag485 Words   |  2 Pagespeople who gave up their lives to defend this country. Yet some disrespectful people still defame that symbol with impunity. In outbursts all over the world, people burn, spit upon, or defile the American flag. This is the same as going to Arlington National Cemetery and spitting on the graves of our war heroes. It is tantamount to telling a soldiers mother that her son who fought to protect others died in vain. When a soldier, a policemen, a firemen or other officer dies, his or her family is givenRead MoreThe Construction and Development of the Pentagon818 Words   |  3 Pagesmultiple fronts, the United States existing military infrastructure was growing rapidly outdated. The War Department in Washington was growing at an explosive rate, its 24,000 workers spread in 17 buildings, including apartment buildings, private homes and several rented garages (Building the Pentagon , 2012, Huffington Post). The main architects commissioned by the Pentagon were George Edwin Bergstrom and David J. Witmer (Vogel 2007:5). The planned construction of the Pentagon was embarked upon inRead MoreThe Veterans Administration ( Va )3569 Words   |  15 Pagessubdivisions: The Veteran Health Administration (VHA), The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), and The Veterans Cemetery Administration. This paper will explore and analyze one of these divisions, (The Veterans Administration – VA), which has several locations throughout the United States, ran by the undersecretary, who s main office is located in our nation s capital, Washington, DC. This organization has a 2014 budget of $ 152.7 billion of which $ 66.5 billion earmarked to unrestricted resourcesRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1072 Words   |  5 Pagesas the war progressed, so did the protests that spread across the world .In Washington D.C. , a three-day protest took place, It was named the march against death. It was a peaceful protest against the Vietnam war. An estimated 45,000 people participated,each person carried a place card of a dead U.S. soldier or a destroyed Vietnamese village written on it. They marched in silence from Arlington National Cemetery through the city. As they walked by the white house, a few at a time they yelledRead MoreReagan s Impact On America967 Words   |  4 PagesClassifying this group as We the People from the Constitution was to show the support he has for them and this country. The former governor acknowledged the sweet spot of the nation; the American soldiers first the heroic fallen soldiers at the Arlington National Cemetery and continues on by agreeing that they paid a price for the American people â€Å"They add up to only a tiny fraction of the price that has been for our freedom.† The soldiers were the warriors to the freedom of corrupt nations an d Reagan listedRead MoreTravel Ban Essay976 Words   |  4 Pagesbased in fear. There are many mentions of protecting the US from outsiders. For example, Barbara Drury Gibbons (2017) posted two pictures of quotes, one from Thomas Jefferson, declaring criminals are the enemy of the people, and the other from George Washington, asserting that people should be armed so they can maintain independence from those who want to abuse them. In addition, she states, â€Å"Our Founding Fathers wrote OUR Constitution, original Amendments, AND Bill of Rights, to protect THE UNITEDRead MoreLatino American Civil Rights By Felix Longoria2664 Words   |  11 Pagesintegral part of the Longoria Affair. Once Hector Garcia heard of what happened, he proceeded to do all he could to correct the situation. He called a reporter from the Corpus Christi Caller, George Groh, to investigate if Kennedy did indeed practice discrimination when dealing with Mrs. Longoria. When George Groh contacted Kennedy the question of whether or not he did discriminate Latinos, including Beatrice Longoria, was confirmed. He had urged to Kennedy to be careful of what he said because it

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hughes Promotes the African Civilization Essay Free Essays

Still recognized as one of the literary giants of America. Langston Hughes played an of import function as a author and mind of the Harlem Renaissance. This was an artistic motion of African Americans that arose during the 1920s to observe the lives and civilization of Africans in the United States ( â€Å"Langston Hughes† ) . We will write a custom essay sample on Hughes Promotes the African Civilization Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Because most of the African Americans had been brought to the New World as slaves of white Masterss. it was poets and authors like Hughes. an African American adult male. that helped to alter the perceptual experience of African Americans in the heads of the Whites one time bondage had been abolished. Hughes’ verse forms. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† published in 1926. and â€Å"Negro† published in 1958. hence depict African Americans as ordinary human existences like everybody else. and yet richer in civilization and civilisation than many others. seeing that they have participated in the building of the great â€Å"pyramids. † mentioned in both verse forms ( Hughes. 2007 ; Hughes ) . Hughes was direct and unfastened about the fact that his Hagiographas were meant to elate the conditions facing Africans in the United States ( Hughes. 1923 ) . They had been slaves. so therefore the Whites did non esteem them plenty even after the abolition of bondage. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† was published five old ages after the Tulsa Riot and during the Harlem Renaissance ( â€Å"Race Riot. Lynchings. and other Forms of Racism in the 1920s† ) . â€Å"Negro. † on the other manus. was published at a clip when racism was considered a bigger job than earlier. In fact. during the 1950s racism was at the head of American idea ( Lewis. 2002 ) . Many conflicts were fought to put inkinesss equal to Whites in the heads of all Americans. Hughes’ part of the fiftiess. his verse form â€Å"Negro. † was merely different to the extent that it was an artist’s part. Countless other Africans were contending on the streets of America to put things right one time and for all. Both verse forms. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† and â€Å"Negro. † are looks of African American individuality. The first verse form begins therefore: â€Å"I’ve known rivers†¦Ã¢â‚¬  ( Hughes ) . In the 2nd as in the first. although the poet has made clear that the storyteller is a negro – the verse form. â€Å"Negro† begins with the words. â€Å"I am a Negro† ( Hughes. 2007 ) . Because the Whites had been Masterss over African slaves. they were inclined to look down upon Africans. Since the Whites were proprietors of belongings in America and surely richer. the inkinesss longed to be like the Whites. But. Hughes would wish the Africans to experience at place in their ain teguments. With images of rivers every bit expansive as of the Euphrates. the Nile and the Mississippi – the verse form. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers. † reminds the African of his or her historical roots or the history of the great African peoples who have traveled across all of these rivers adding value to the historical watercourse of civilizations. The verse form has irregular. long lines without beat because it is doing a basic point: the African psyche is every bit deep as any human psyche could be. The African single indulges in deep thought as he travels across antediluvian rivers. What he must brood on is his ain individuality on foreign dirt. Remembering the history of his civilisation. he must maintain in head that life carries on. What’s more. the poet reminds his fellow African that the black race has survived despite all odds ( Hughes ) . Because â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† was published during the extremum of Harlem Renaissance. it refers to depth of the African psyche. given that art is frequently understood as the voice of the psyche and the Harlem Renaissance was all about advancing African art and civilization in the United States. Using soft images such as the Mississippi’s bosom â€Å"turning aureate in the sundown. † the poet uses his accent on rivers to stand as a symbol for the deepness of the African psyche ( Hughes ) . â€Å"Negro. † published during the 1950’s besides references â€Å"depths† ( Hughes. 2007 ) . As in â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers. † the deepnesss mentioned by Hughes in both verse forms most likely refer to the deepness of African knowledge excessively. After all. both verse forms refer to the history of Africans. â€Å"Negro. † with its sentence agreements depicting either what had happened to Africans or what they have done in the history of the African civilisation – besides makes reference of the experiences and/or accomplishments that set Africans apart. for illustration. bondage and vocalizing ( Hughes. 2007 ) . The poet represents all Africans in both his verse form. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† and â€Å"Negro. † What is more. both poems reference the fact that the Africans were portion of the labour force that built the ancient pyramids. In â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers. † it was the African who â€Å"looked upon the Nile and raised the pyramids above it† ( Hughes ) . In â€Å"Negro. † the pyramid is said to hold arisen under the African manus. implying that the African was greatly skilled even at the clip of ancient pyramid building ( Hughes. 2007 ) . The chief difference between the two verse forms. â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† and â€Å"Negro† is. doubtless. the spirit of hope felt through the first verse form versus the sense of desperation assorted with hope in the 2nd verse form. Hughes must hold composed â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† in a different frame of head wholly. The verse form clearly promotes the African American civilization and art as originating in the deep history of humanity ( Hughes ) . Although â€Å"Negro† makes reference of universe history excessively. it does non needfully advance African American art. apart from its mention to vocalizing. The African American may be considered as more of a labourer or low paid worker than an creative person in â€Å"Negro† ( Hughes. 2007 ) . Possibly the verse form was non written to advance African American art at all. As mentioned antecedently. the 1950s saw the Whites and inkinesss of America contending over the inquiry of equal rights of Africans in about all major countries of province operation. including instruction. There were terrible jobs related to racism during this period of American history. Clearly. inkinesss were being looked down upon. It was in the temper of that hr that Hughes composed â€Å"Negro. † The verse form speaks of the mundaneness of the African person while depicting the good utilizations that Africans have been made of. for illustration. in the building of the â€Å"Woolworth Building† ( Hughes. 2007 ) . â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† is surely non blue or dejecting like â€Å"Negro. † chiefly because it does non do reference of bondage and victimization as the 2nd. After all. Hughes is contending against unfairness toward African Americans in the 1950s. In the 1920s. his cause was wholly different. If â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers† had made frequent reference of darkness as does â€Å"Negro. † the Harlem Renaissance could non hold been considered a forerunner of hope ( Hughes. 2007 ) . References Hughes. L. ( 2007. Dec 2 ) . Negro. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //amandafa. blogspot. com/2007/12/negro-by-langston-hughes. hypertext markup language. ————– . ( 1926. Jun 23 ) . The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain. The State. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hartford-hwp. com/archives/45a/360. hypertext markup language. ————– . The Negro Speaks of Rivers. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. wmrfh. org/dcrews/index_files/Hughes_The % 20Negro % 20Speaks % 20of % 20Rivers. physician. Langston Hughes. America’s Story from America’s Library. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. americaslibrary. gov/cgi-bin/page. cgi/aa/hughes. Lewis. C. H. ( 2002 ) . The Rise of the Civil Rights Movement in the fiftiess. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Colorado. edu/AmStudies/lewis/2010/civil. htm. Race Riot. Lynchings. and other Forms of Racism in the 1920s. Retrieved Mar 15. 2009. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. premise. edu/ahc/raceriots/default. hypertext markup language. How to cite Hughes Promotes the African Civilization Essay, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Penguins Essay Thesis Example For Students

Penguins Essay Thesis Myopic little men in tuxedos, or highly efficientland/water animals? Recent research indicatestheres more to penguins than meets the eye. Ifyouve every wondered what it would be like tobe able to see as clearly under water as you canon land, just ask the nearest penguin.Most aquaticanimals are short-sighted on land. Most terrestrialanimals (and that includes us) are far-sighted underwater. But researchers have discovered thatpenguins can apparently see equally well in bothenvironments, because of the unique structure oftheir eyes. Penguins have to be able to see wellunder water because their diet consists mainly ofplankton, molluscs, crustaceans, and the inevitablefish. Through a special slowing-down of their heartrate theyre able, like many other diving animals, tostay submerged long enough to search out andchase whatever catches their fancy. On dry land,its a different story-or has been up to now. Waddling along on their flat little feet, eyes fixedintently on the ground, penguins appear myopic,inefficient and generally out of place. In fact thereverse is true. During a recent stay on theFalkland Islands, a Canadian researcherdiscovered that penguins are able to recognizeindividuals and navigate the rocky terrain on whichthey live quite well. Long of body and short of leg,they probably poke their heads forward as an aidto balance. And as for looking at the ground,theyre merely-like us-keeping an eye on wheretheyre going. The human eye is adapted for aerialvision, which is why scuba divers-or even you andI in the local swimming pool-must wear goggles ora face mask to re-introduce air in front of our eyesin order to see clearly. Among vertebrates ingeneral, the bird eye is frequently described as themost efficient. Its superior quality, combined withthe fact that a large number of birds-cormorants,pelicans, seagulls, even ducks, as well aspenguins-get their food from water, obvi ouslydeserved research beyond that possible in acontrolled environment such as an aquarium orzoo. Professor Jacob Sivak of the University ofWaterloo and his associate, Professor HowardHowland of Cornell University, had a chance todo that research recently. Their trip had but onepurpose-to study the structure of penguins eyeswhile observing their natural habitat. The FalklandIslands, off the coast of Argentina, offered thisopportunity, being one the few areas outsideAntarctica where penguins can be found in largenumbers. Three of the 16 known species werelocated there: the Gentoo, which live on flat areasright off the beach; the Magellan (also calledJackass), which live in burrows; and theRock-hoppers, which live among the rocks alongthe cliffs. The Rock-hoppers were by far the mostcommon, having a population of well over100,000. The general rule is, the smaller thepenguin, the meaner the temperament, and theresearchers did witness the odd fight. Theirflippers may look pretty useless out of water, butits not smart to play around with a penguin. Helllstand his ground in a face-off and if youre foolishenough to get too close, those flippers can knockyou flat. Dr. Sivak and his associate, however,had little trouble. Rock-hoppers alwayscongregate in fairly tight groups, as a defenseagainst predatory birds such as the skua (a largeseagull that thinks its a hawk), and two moreupright figures in their midst didnt seem to botherthem. Standing as close to their subjects as 0.3m,the scientists used two devices: one, developed byProfessor Howland, to take photographs of thepenguins eyes; the othger, developed by Dr. .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .postImageUrl , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:hover , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:visited , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:active { border:0!important; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:active , .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u917a38c10dfaba0a79b3f97330405cad:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Stc Five Forces Model and Competitive Advantage EssaySivak, to shine a series of concentric circles on thecornea and give a measurement of how reflectionsof objects are altered by curvature of the eye. Despite the fact all the work had to be done atnight-the only time the penguins pupils weredilated enough-the results were worth it. Comparison of the photographs with similarphotos of human eyes, and study of the internalstructure of the eyes of creatures discovered killedby seal lions, proved the scientists theory that thepenguins eyes are the secret of its survival. Ingeneral terms, a penguin eye and a human eye arealmost identical. Both have the same componentsnecessary for vision-a cornea through which lightcan enter; an iris which controls the amount of lightthat enters; and a crystalline lens that focuses thelight onto the back of the eye where a specializedmembrane, the retina, receives it and passes themessage along the optic nerve to the brain forinterpretation. In the penguin eye, hoever, thereare many subtle differences. The cornea, forexample, is markedly flattened compared to ours so much so that it almost resembles awindow-pane. This greatly alters the angle atwhich light can enter the eye and is very importantfor underwater swimming, when light enters theeye obliquely through a medium (water) whose density is quite different to the density of air. Thepenguin iris is controlled by a very powerfulmuscle which is able to drastically alter the shapeof the lens attached to it, depending on whetherthe penguin is in or out of the water. The lens,comparatively larger than ours and differentlyshaped, focuses the light coming through theflattened cornea onto the retinal body at the backof the eye. In this way, the penguin eye adapts towhatever medium it happens to be in at the time. Interestingly, there was no evidence of eyeproblems (apart from one incident of blindnessdue to injury) in the group of penguins studied. Ofcourse penguins dont read, watch TV orencounter any of the numerous irritants weland-bound animals subject ourselves-or aresubjected-to during our lifetime. Both the testingdevices and methods used in this study are easilyadaptable for use with human eyes, paving theway for fast, easy identification of eye problems. Also, the researchers hope that the insights theyvegained into how animals deal with twoenvironments may lead to knowledge of howhumans, in the future, might do likewise.

Friday, March 27, 2020

Heart of Darkness Webquest Essay Example

Heart of Darkness Webquest Paper Catherine Straus Period 6 September 23, 2011 Heart of Darkness Webquest Task 1 a) Scramble for Africa was a process of invasion, occupation, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period. http://www. pvhs. chico. k12. ca. us/~bsilva/projects/scramble/ b) The purpose of the Berlin Conference was to lay rules to divide Africa without going to war for it. It divided Africa and African leaders werent allowed to make decision for Africa’s outcome. http://wysinger. homestead. com/berlinconference. htmlKing ) Britain d) The Fashoda Crisis was the result of territorial disputes over Africa that had been going on between Britain and France. http://www. pvhs. chico. k12. ca. us/~bsilva/projects/scramble/fashoda. htm Task 2 a) King Leopold ruled Congo from1865 to1909. http://answers. encyclopedia. com/question/did-leopold-ii-rule-belgium-124587. html b) Leopold established an international benevolent committee. It was originally a multi-person , scientific, and humanitarian assembly, and was a single-shareholder development company owned by Leopold. From 1878 to 1884, these organizations tried to establish Belgian influence in the Congo and control the rubber and ivory trade. c) Leopold’s efforts to establish Belgian influence in the Congo were rewarded. d) Leopold promised to suppress the East African slave trade, promote humanitarian policies, guarantee free trade, and encourage missions. However, Leopold prohibited trade in arms, authorized the terms for the employment of native workers, committing them agree for terms of seven years to their employers, and established the Force Publique. ) Rubber inflatable bicycle tubes were invented and the growing popularity of the automobile increased the need for rubber, irritating Leopold’s greed. f) Congolese were stripped of every right and Leopold IIs regime cause about 10 million deaths of the Africans in only 40 years. They were treated as slaves and their wives were raped and held hostage so their husbands would work and give the much profitable rubber in exchange f or their wives’ freedom. Leopold thinks he was taking care of the Africans, when really what he did was rape the country. We will write a custom essay sample on Heart of Darkness Webquest specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Heart of Darkness Webquest specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Heart of Darkness Webquest specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The rubber trade made Leopold one of the richest men in the world and made Belgium flourish, but the suffering of the Congolese was unseen. The EP forced the native Africans to work for seven years, while allows Leopold to torture them even more. Task 3 a) Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Angola, Zambia, Burundi, and Rwanda border Belgian Congo, or present-day Dominican Republic of the Congo. Central African Republic and Sudan are north of Congo. Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi are east of Congo. Zambia and Angola are south of Congo. And Republic of the Congo is west of Congo. http://www. sheppardsoftware. com/Africa/Africa_GL_1024_768. html b) Boma, Banana, Matadi, Leopoldville, Coquilhatville, Lisala, Stanleyville, Pontierville, Kindu, and Kasongo are the cities along the Congo River. Leopoldville is the Capital of Belgian Congo. African Origin: Boma, Banana, Matadi, Lisala, Kindu, and Kasingo European Origin: Leopoldville, Coquilhatville, Stanleyville, and Pontierville Marlow most likely come from Britain and arrived at Leopoldville. ) Africans were to be cared for and trained as if they were children, d) June 30, 1960 e) Present day: Dominican Republic of the Congo (Congo) Capital: Leopoldville Task 4 a) Conrad was inspired to write Heart of Darkness by his journey down the Congo River. b) He saw how the British we mistreating the Africans. c) Imagery and symbolism describing the ambiguity between good and evil along with imperialism. d) He died from heart attack.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Sociology and the Power of Sanctions in Compliance

Sociology and the Power of Sanctions in Compliance Sanctions, as defined within sociology, are ways of enforcing compliance with social norms. Sanctions are positive when they are used to celebrate conformity and negative when they are used to punish or discourage nonconformity. Either way, the use of sanctions and the outcomes they produce are used to encourage our conformity with social norms. For example, an individual who behaves appropriately in a given setting by being polite, socially engaged, or patient could be sanctioned with social approval. An individual who chooses to behave inappropriately by acting out of turn, saying or doing strange or unkind things, or expressing rudeness or impatience may be sanctioned with disapproval, expulsion, or more severe consequences, depending on the situation. How Sanctions Relate to Social Norms Social norms are expected behaviors that are agreed upon by a social group. Social norms are part of society as a whole (like using money as a tool for exchange) and of smaller groups (like wearing a business suit in a corporate setting). Social norms are thought to be necessary for social cohesion and interaction; without them, we could live in a chaotic, unstable, unpredictable, and noncooperative world. In fact, without them, we might not have a society. Societies, cultures, and groups often use sanctions to enforce compliance with their desired social norms. When an individual conforms- or does not conform- to the social norms, he or she may receive sanctions (consequences). In general, sanctions for conformity are positive while sanctions for nonconformity are negative. They can be informal sanctions such as shunning, humiliation, accolades, or awards to help shape the way individuals and institutions behave. Internal and External Sanctions Sanctions can be internal or external. Internal sanctions are consequences imposed by the individual, based on compliance with social norms. For example, an individual might suffer from embarrassment, shame, or depression as a result of noncompliance and associated exclusion from social groups. Imagine a child who decides to challenge social norms and authorities by stealing a candy bar from a store. Not being caught and without external sanctions, the child may feel miserable from guilt. Rather than eating the candy bar, the child then returns it and confesses guilt. This end result is the work of an internal sanction. External sanctions, on the other hand,  are consequences imposed by others and include things like expulsion from an organization, public humiliation, punishment by parents or elders, and arrest and imprisonment, and more. If a person breaks into and robs a store and is caught, there will be an arrest, an accusation of a crime, a court trial and the likelihood of being found guilty, and maybe jail time. What happens after the person is caught ​is a series of state-based external sanctions.​​​ Formal and Informal Sanctions Sanctions can be formal or informal. Formal sanctions are imposed through formal means by institutions or organizations upon other institutions, organizations, or upon individuals. They can be legal or based on an institutions formal code of rules and ethics. A nation that fails to comply with international law may be sanctioned, meaning that economic opportunities are withheld, assets are  frozen, or trade relationships are ended. Likewise, a student who plagiarizes a written assignment or cheats on a test may be sanctioned by the school with academic probation, suspension, or expulsion. To expand on the former example,  a nation that refuses to comply with an international ban on building nuclear weapons will face economic sanctions from nations that comply with the ban. As a result, the noncompliant country loses income, international status, and opportunities for growth as a result of the sanction. Informal sanctions are imposed by individuals or groups upon other individuals or groups without the use of a formal, institutional system. Scornful looks, shunning, boycotts, and other actions are forms of informal sanctioning. Take the example of a corporation whose products are made in factories in which child labor and abusive practices are rampant. Customers who object to this practice organize a boycott against the corporation. The corporation loses customers, sales, and income as a result of informal sanction.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

The Discovery and conquest of the Americas Essay

The Discovery and conquest of the Americas - Essay Example Diaz’s account is written very much in hindsight, at the end of his life. As well as describing what happened , it can also be taken as a biography of Herman Cortes, the leader of the Conquistadors, appointed by the Emperor and Queen of Spain, to conquer new lands, bring back riches, but also to introduce the Christian religion to new peoples. Diaz admired Cortes, but also felt free to state his faults , Cortez having died in 1546, whereas Diaz lived until 1585. He describes his book as being a true account. He would have been aware of other accounts already written and wants to set matters straight. Naturally the conquered people had a rather different point of view, one which Leon-Portillo claims is usually ignored. For this reason he includes accounts from the Aztecs, some written only seven years after the arrival of the Spaniards, and in their own languages. He includes descriptions of terrible slaughter, presumably carried out in the names of the Spanish rulers and for the sake of the Christian religion. This wasn’t war – those celebrating a fiesta were killed from behind for instance ( Leon-Potillo, 1971, page II-321). Cortes’ letters are written to inform the queen of Spain Dona Juana, and her son, the Emperor Charles V, what was going on. They are therefore written in quite formal language, flattering the royals, more so than the other texts considered ( Cortes, 1519, the first letter , page 3), but also from the point of view that the doesn’t know exactly what they already know from other sources. He states his aim as letting them know about the new discoveries, the land, the people, the religious life and local customs. To this he adds the important rider that he also wants to explain how the royals and Spain might benefit from what has been discovered ( Cortes, 1519, pages 3 and 4). His descriptions are rather mixed in that he states that the Spaniards were well received, and then , in the same paragraph, describes how the natives had killed many Spaniards. Also in the letter he informs his sponsors of the actions of others , as of Velazquez, who , in some cases , was acting with out permission, so he is covering himself. The letters were written over a period of several years, and so each one covers a considerable period of time, looking back in some instances over two years, but they are the nearest we are likely to find in that time to topical news reporting, even if biased in its outlook. Also included by Cortes are descriptions of how natives were required to accept the Catholic religion. He justifies his actions by saying that the natives were to be seen as were the people of Jericho in the book